If you have been pregnant before, you know the immense joy and sometimes struggle being a parent can be. The first smile, the first tantrum, the giggling, the screaming – parenting is an adventure, and there’s nothing quite like it.
But you love it. And so, you decide to try for another baby.
But the months are passing by and every pregnancy test you take comes back negative. What’s going on? You didn’t struggle to conceive naturally the first time.
If you’re struggling to conceive the second time, you may have secondary infertility. Although it may be confusing and frustrating, secondary infertility is surprisingly common. In fact, approximately 11% of couples experience secondary infertility.
There are numerous reasons why couples may be struggling to conceive again. It could be that there is an underlying problem that has worsened over time, or perhaps you had an infection or operation since your last child that has affected your fertility. At TFP, we will do everything we can to discover the problem and help you to conceive again.
Some of the most common causes of secondary infertility include:
Your age: Fertility declines with age in women.
Scarring to the womb or fallopian tubes from previous surgery
Low sperm count, sperm production, sperm quality or poor sperm motility
Ovulation problems caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Blockages or problems with your womb caused by fibroids
Certain treatments or medications, such as chemotherapy
If you think you could be struggling with any of the above, or your partner could be, it is worth making an appointment with your doctor sooner rather than later.
Your doctor is unlikely to offer you tests or treatment for secondary infertility unless you have been trying to conceive through regular, unprotected intercourse for at least a year. However, there are some circumstances when it is best to see your doctor soon rather than later:
If you have an existing medical condition that may affect your fertility
You’ve had multiple miscarriages.
You have been diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease.
You have known fertility problems.
You have undergone treatment for cancer.
You are over 35 years old and have been trying to conceive naturally for six months or more.
Your periods are very painful.
You have pain during intercourse.
You menstruate irregularly or not at all.
Infertility affects men and women equally, with 40% of cases having an issue with both the man and the woman. Male secondary infertility affects men as commonly as female secondary infertility.
So, it is important you see your doctor as a couple.
During your appointment, your doctor will ask you and your partner some questions to check whether there are any obvious reasons you aren’t conceiving naturally. These questions could include any number of the following:
Information about any previous pregnancies and or births
How often you have unprotected intercourse and whether there are any complications (such as painful sex)
The type of contraception you used in the past and when you stopped taking it
Personal and family medical history
Any medication you may be taking for your lifestyle, including exercise habits, stress levels, your weight and whether you drink, smoke, or take any recreational drugs.
Your doctor may also carry out a physical health check. This can include checking the pelvic area for any signs of infection. For men, this may mean assessing the penis and testicles for any abnormalities. Depending on the results of this, your doctor may offer further tests, or even refer you to a fertility specialist.
If you’re seeing your doctor because you are concerned about your fertility, it’s natural to feel a bit nervous about having tests or answering awkward questions. But it’s important to remember that your doctor is there to help, not to judge.
Unfortunately, there are some unexplained cases of infertility where a cause cannot be found. An unexplained diagnosis can be confusing and upsetting for many couples as they don’t know what their next steps are. However, the good news is that the majority of couples struggling with unexplained infertility do eventually conceive, either naturally or with the help of assisted reproductive technologies.
If you’re struggling to conceive naturally, you may need fertility treatments to have another baby. Depending on your personal situation and medical requirements, treatments will vary. Below is a list of the secondary fertility treatment options available to anyone struggling to conceive naturally:
Artificial insemination: This treatment consists of depositing a semen sample inside the woman’s womb to help improve the chances of egg fertilisation.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF): This reproduction treatment consists of fertilising the eggs with the sperm in the laboratory and then transferring these healthy fertilised embryos into the woman’s womb. The fertilisation of the egg can be carried out this way or by Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), where the sperm is injected directly into the egg.
Sperm donation: This treatment is considered by couples who are struggling with male infertility and the quality of sperm production.
Egg donation: This treatment is for female infertility patients who are unable to conceive using their own eggs. This is an option for older women, women with ovarian failure, and women who have had repeated miscarriages or failed to become pregnant through IVF.
At TFP, we will work closely with you to ensure you receive the fertility treatment you need. As experts in infertility, we know the heartbreak secondary infertility can cause. That’s why we are dedicated to supporting you and your partner throughout your infertility journey.