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How does sperm donation work?

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After your application


After your application, you will be invited for an informative (no-obligation) consultation with one of our embryologists. During this meeting, the practicalities of being a donor are discussed with you. Because we only use frozen sperm, it is important that the sperm is of a good quality to be used for fertility treatments. This means that a sperm analysis will take place. 


You will be informed of the results in a telephone consultation with the embryologist. If the results are good, a medical intake will follow with one of our doctors. During the medical intake, the doctor will assess whether you are medically suitable as a donor. The doctor will discuss your medical history and whether you or your family have any hereditary diseases. Your blood and urine will also be tested for the most common sexually transmitted diseases.


In addition to the consultation with one of our doctors, you will also meet with our social worker. She will discuss with you the choice to become a sperm donor and will inform you about the law on donor data for artificial insemination. 


The results of the blood and urine tests will be given to you in a telephone consultation. If you are approved as a donor, you can then make the first appointment to actually start donating your sperm.







Donor agreement


During the meetings with the embryologist and doctor, the donor agreement will be explained to you in detail. In this agreement, you can indicate the maximum number of children that may be conceived using your sperm. We prefer to agree on a maximum number of families to be created: many clients would like any second child to have the same biological background. Because such a pregnancy comes about much later, it is important to build up a certain sperm stock when donating.

After approval by the embryologist and doctor, you sign the donor contract to officially become a sperm donor. To create maximum security for the clients, each donor is regularly screened for various sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). HIV (AIDS) in particular remains 'invisible' in the blood long after infection. Therefore, the sperm is only used six months after the last donation, when the various blood tests have shown that it is still negative. This means the sperm has to remain frozen for that time before it can be used. An additional advantage of using frozen sperm is that the donor and the recipient are not at the clinic on the same day, eliminating the chance of an encounter.

However, the freezing procedure does place high demands on sperm quality: during the freezing process, part of the living sperm cells is always lost. The sperm must therefore be of above-average quality in order to be used as donor sperm. For the donor, it means that quite a lot of ejaculate is delivered and frozen over a period of at least six months, building up a 'stock' in our sperm bank.






Screening for STDs


According to current Dutch guidelines, sperm donors must be regularly screened for the following infectious diseases: Hepatitis B and C, HIV, syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. For this purpose, blood is taken once every three months, and you are asked to bring a container of urine with each donation. You will then be asked to come back 6 months after the last donation for a final screening.






During the donation process


How many times you donate depends on the quality of your sperm and the maximum number of families you want to help. At the moment, we keep a minimum of 5 and a maximum of 12 families. You decide how many families you want to help. This is laid down in the donor contract. Please note that you will have to visit the clinic at least twice a month to donate for a period of at least 6 months.






Sperm donor and anonymity


Since 2004, sperm donation in the Netherlands can no longer take place anonymously. This has been laid down by law in the Artificial Fertilisation (Donor Data) Act.


All sperm banks are obliged to register the data of successful donor-assisted pregnancies in a database within the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport. The Foundation for Donor Data on Artificial Fertilisation (SDKB) manages these data. They are kept for 80 years.







Donor passport


During the intake interview, the doctor and the donor fill in a donor passport. The information in the donor passport is primarily intended for the child. If the child wants to know more about the social background of their biological father in the future, this can be found in the donor's passport. The donor fills in details about their social background, such as education, work, family situation and their motivation to become a donor. In addition, external characteristics are noted in the donor passport. The donor passport does not contain any information about the donor's identity, such as name, address and date of birth. Every donor has the opportunity to add a personal letter to the donor passport.







Foundation for donor data on artificial insemination (SDKB)


After a request, the SDKB can provide the donor's physical and social characteristics (such as hair colour, eye colour, occupation and education) to the parents or to the donor child if the donor child is 12 years old or older. From the age of 16, the child can request personal identifying data from the donor. If a child wishes to meet the donor, the donor is informed. This meeting will be supervised by the FIOM and will only take place once the exact procedure has been discussed with you. The donor has no rights or (financial) obligations towards the child. Nor can the child or the parents assert any rights over the donor. More information about the Donor Data Act and its implementation can be found on the SDKB website: www.donorgegevens.nl.







Stop donating


If the supply is large enough to achieve the number of agreed pregnancies, you can stop donating. If you wish, you can also stop donating earlier. You will be given the opportunity for a final consultation with one of our embryologists. During this meeting, you will be informed about the number of pregnancies achieved and your contact details will be checked.







How are you kept up to date as a donor?


As a donor, you will receive an annual overview of the number of pregnancies that have occurred using your sperm. You will also be informed when your sperm is no longer being used because the limit of successful pregnancies has been reached.






Reimbursement


You will receive an expense allowance of EUR 50 for each donation. In addition, you will receive a travel allowance.


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