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Treatment using donated sperm

Fertility treatments using donor sperm

What is an IUI treatment using donated sperm?



Intra-uterine insemination using donated sperm, known as IUI-D for short, is the insertion (insemination) of processed donated sperm into the uterus (intra-uterine). IUI can increase your chances of conception if, in case of a heterosexual couple, the man is infertile or a carrier of a hereditary disease he doesn’t want to pass on to his child.


For single women and lesbian couples, IUI-D is a safe option to fulfill their desire to have children.


IUI increases your chances of conceiving by inserting the most viable sperm cells into the upper region of the uterus, at the right time in your menstrual cycle. This ensures that the sperm cells are released closer to the oocyte and that they won’t need to manage to get past the barrier that is the cervix. Fertilization will take place inside the woman’s body (usually inside the fallopian tube). After fertilization, the oocyte will lodge in the uterus and the pregnancy will start to develop naturally from there.

Who needs an IUI treatment using donated sperm?



We recommend undergoing an IUI treatment using donated sperm to:

  • Couples in which the man is infertile

  • Couples where the man is a carrier of a (severe) hereditary issue

  • Single women

  • Lesbian couples



IUI treatment using donated sperm



TFP MC Kinderwens has an internal sperm bank. However, the demand for sperm is higher than the supply, causing waiting times of roughly a year.


Due to this, we limit single-mother applications by zip code. You can only use sperm from our sperm bank if you live in zip code area 2200-2899.


If you want to start a fertility treatment using donor sperm from our sperm bank, the first step is to schedule an appointment with one of our physicians or nurses for an intake. If so desired, you can also schedule an appointment with our fertility counselor to help guide you through the process.


If you’re eligible to use donated sperm, you’ll be added to our waiting list. You’ll be offered a donor when we have one available who suits your needs. If you accept this offer, there will be a starting consultation, during which your treating nurse or physician will explain the treatment to you in further detail.




IUI treatment using a personal donor



It’s possible to do an IUI treatment using a personal donor of your own choosing at TFP MC Kinderwens.


The first step is an intake consultation with one of our physicians or nurses, and the woman or the couple intending to use the sperm. If the prospective parents are eligible for a treatment at our fertility centre, we’ll schedule an intake with the donor they chose.


One of our physicians will discuss the donor’s medical history with him, as well as the reasons he decided to donate. In addition to that, both the donor and the prospective parent(s) will have a consultation with our fertility counsellor.


Because of safety regulations, inseminations using donated sperm are done using frozen sperm. That way, we can prevent the transfer of infections. The donor will be screened for infectious diseases both before and after donating as dictated by current Dutch legislation. We always inspect the donated sperm to determine whether it is of high enough quality to be used in an IUI treatment. The sperm will only be used to do an insemination if the results of this screening are positive. 




IUI treatment using sperm from a foreign sperm bank



TFP MC Kinderwens often works with two foreign sperm banks (European Sperm Bank and Cryos).


The first step is an intake consultation with one of our physicians or nurses. If you’re eligible for treatment at TFP MC Kinderwens, we will provide further information on these sperm banks. The donors used at the TFP MC Kinderwens must be non-anonymous aka “open: donors. 


There is no waiting list to use donors from these sperm banks. 


It’s possible to enter the donated sperm into cryogenic storage at TFP MC Kinderwens.




“Wet registratie donorgegevens kunstmatige bevruchting”



Since 2002, there’s been a law in the Netherlands called the ‘Wet Donorgegevens Kunstmatige Bevruchting’ (law on Donors’ Personal Details for Artificial Insemination). It states fertility centres must provide the names, dates of birth and addresses of both donors and donor sperm acceptors to the Stichting Registratie Donorgegevens (Donors’ Personal Details Registration Association). Donors need to be willing to reveal their identity if a child born from an insemination using that donor’s sperm reaches the age of 16 and wants to know. The child will need to submit that request to the Stichting.



If a child does so, the donor is allowed to present a reasoned objection, in which case a judge will decide. The law mentioned above also details that since June 2004, no sperm from anonymous donors can be frozen for use in insemination treatments. For current information, we refer you to the Stichting Registratie Donorgegevens’ website: www.donorgegevens.nl.




Emotional consequences


The emotional consequences of creating a family using donated sperm are unique to everyone, but in general, they’re specific to the patient group you’re a part of.


Cis-hetero couples often go through a grieving process when they find out they won’t be able to have a child genetically related to both parents. They’ve often examined multiple options (not having children, adopting a child, becoming foster parents or undergoing a fertility treatment using donated sperm). It’s important to leave the necessary space for this grieving process, and there may be a necessity for professional supervision and help during it.


These couples tend to struggle with being transparent regarding their choice to use donated sperm, both toward their child as well as the people around them. We help guide these future parents and inform them regarding the pros and cons of transparency before they start their treatment.


Lesbian couples usually have not experienced a traumatic experience regarding treatment previous to choose to use donated sperm. They do, however, need to decide which parent will be pregnant (first). For lesbian couples, a desire to have children demands mutual trust and openness regarding the relationship. The “second mother” (the mother who won’t bear the child) may feel unsure regarding her parental role, due to the lack of a genetic and legislative bond with the child. Since 2014, however, the legislative position of the second partner has been more protected, in a law known as the ‘Wet juridisch ouderschap van de vrouwelijk partner’ (Law regarding legislative parental position of the female partner).


For most single women, becoming a single mother is not their first choice. In fact, it’s usually the opposite. Prior to deciding to undergo a fertility treatment using donated sperm, most single women seeking treatment have gone through a time during which they’ve had to face the inadvertent loss of the more traditional dream of having a family with a partner. It can be difficult to make the choice to do a treatment using donated sperm, instead. The path to becoming a single mother can be a lonely struggle at times. During the intake consultation, we’re interested in what made you choose to undergo a fertility treatment using donated sperm, and we’ll ask about your social network and support systems. If you feel the need for it, we do have a fertility counsellor available. They’ll be able to guide you during a time where you’ll have to face some complicated choices which can impact the rest of your life.


At the start of treatment, trying to conceive has to do with your mental as well as your physical wellbeing, and it’s important for you to pay attention to your mental health. It’s always possible to take a break in a series of IUI treatments if you need to. In addition to this, you’ll always be able to schedule an interim evaluation with your treating nurse or physician.


At TFP MC Kinderwens, we feel it’s important to offer sufficient guidance when things may be difficult on an emotional level. You can simply schedule a (free) appointment with our specialized fertility counsellor.

Maximum number of offspring



In the past, there was a national agreement (guideline) that no more than 25 offspring could be conceived per sperm donor. It has been found that with a number of sperm donors this agreed maximum number of offspring has been unintentionally exceeded. This had several reasons; some donors donated at multiple locations, some donated in the home situation (there is no registration of this), the desire for a second child within one family and treatment with stored cryo-embryos led to an excess in some cases. Unfortunately, this is also the case with some donors from our sperm bank.


A national registration system is currently being set up, which will make it impossible to donate at multiple locations. The agreement on the maximum number of offspring has been changed to a maximum of 12 families, in order to meet the wishes of many intended parents for a second (or in exceptional cases a third child). Donors who have had an appointment for a maximum of 25 offspring can still exceed this maximum due to a request for a second child. This is a leniency arrangement that has been agreed upon by the professional groups.

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    Leiderdorp

    2353 Leiderdorp

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